Jewish Prayers & Blessings

ROSH HASHANAH COUNTDOWN – DAY 3

Posted on September 26, 2011. Filed under: Apples, Apricots, Breads - Yeast, Cakes, Cherries, Desserts, Ethnic Recipe, Honey, Jewish, Jewish Prayers & Blessings, Kosher Recipe, Lemons, My Ramblings, Oranges, Parve, Peaches, Pies, Poultry, Recipes, Rosh Hashannah Recipes | Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , |


3
 The gematria of the Hebrew letter ג
 A symbol of holiness. The Holy of Holies occupied one-third, and the Holy Place two-thirds, of the entire Temple.
 There were three vessels each for the altar of burnt offering, the altar of incense, and the Ark.
 The candlestick had twice three arms (besides the shaft, which also held a lamp), and each arm had three knobs.
 The priestly blessing consists of three sections (Num. vi. 24, 25)
 In kedusha, word “holy” is recited three times.
 The patriarchs of the Jewish people
 The number of prayers recited daily
 The number of Shabbat meals
 The number of shofar sounds
 The Shalosh Ragalim (Jewish festivals): Pesach, Shavuot, and Sukkot]
 Number of aliyot for a Torah reading on a weekday or at mincha
 Date in Tishrei of the Fast of Gedalia

SOFTA123’S NOTE: Glossary for the above will appear at the end of this post, after the honey cake recipe. The above I found at Wikipedia.com and for the glossary definitions I went to both Wikipedia.com and Chabad.org.

I was just searching for something to inspire me to write about today when I read a wonderful article by by Rabbi Benjamin Blech which was posted on Aish.com’s website. The article was entitled “Can we be optimistic about the coming new year?” I highly recommend reading this article. Anyhow, in reading this article, I came up with the inspiration of finding out the Judaic symbolism of the number for number 3 (as today is Countdown Day Number 3) and write about lists of three. But first I wanted you to see what the Judaic meaning of the number is according to an article I found on Wikipedia.org. That is the reason why I began this post the way I did. Ok, so this post is all about me.

MY MOST IMPORTANT 3

My three grandchildren: (In order of birth)

Marc
Rachael
Joshua

3 OF MY FAVORITE WOMEN

My Mother
My Aunt Hushie
Golda Meir

3 OF MY FAVORITE MEN

My Father
My Uncle Hockey
My Husband

3 OF MY FAVORITE MEMORIES

Marrying my husband
Throwing my parents surprise parties
The birth of all three of my grandchildren (ok, so I cheated…I know this should be three separate items, but it’s my blog so I can make up my own rules!)

3 WORLD EVENTS I VIVIDLY REMEMBER

The 1972 Munich Olympics when 11 Israeli athletes were killed by 5 Arab terrorists.
The 1976 Raid on Entebbe
9/11
The Assassination of President Kennedy

I had to include 4 events here because there was no way that I could exclude any of these four horrible events.

3 OF MY FAVORITE WORDS

Oy
Love
Great

3 OF MY FAVORITE BOOKS

God’s Game by Father Andrew Greeley
Outlander series by Diana Gabaldon
The Eight by Katherine Neville

3 OF MY FAVORITE MOVIES

Backstreet
Beloved Infidel
A Man and A Woman

3 OF MY FAVORITE SONGS

Maggie May – Rod Stewart
500 Miles – Bob Dillon
Atlantis – Donovan

3 OF MY FAVORITE FOODS

Potato Latkes
Potato Kugel
Hot Dogs

3 OF MY FAVORITE THINGS TO DO

Read with my husband
Blog
Crochet

Now, in honor of the number 3, I will post 3 extra recipes for your Rosh Hashanah celebration!

A Sweet Treatment for Chicken!

Cardamom Honey Chicken
======================

Filed under Chicken, Gluten-Free, Main Course

Cardamom Honey Chicken Recipe

Ingredients

Marinade

4 tablespoons Honey
2 tablespoons Sherry
1 teaspoon Cardamom Seeds; ground with mortar and pestle
1 teaspoon Peppercorns; ground

Chicken

6 Chicken Breasts OR one whole Chicken, cut into parts
2 tablespoons Olive Oil
1 Lemon; thinly sliced
Salt and pepper

ELISE’S NOTE: “On my recent trip to New Zealand, my hosts sent me home with a wonderful cookbook from BeesOnline, a local café and honey factory right outside Auckland. The Cardamom and Honey-Glazed Chicken recipe caught our eye and we made it a few days ago. I’ve never thought to use cardamom as a spice for chicken before; the result was quite fragrant and delicious. The leftovers made for a flavorful chicken salad the next day.”

Posted by Elise on Jul 2, 2006

Method

ELISE’S NOTE: If a recipe calls for ground cardamom, it is best to start with whole pods. Break open the pods to release the tiny brown and black cardamom seeds. Use a spice grinder or mortar and pestle to grind the seeds.

1 PREHEAT oven to 390°F. Warm the honey, stir in the sherry, cardamom and peppercorns. Place marinade and chicken in a LARGE bowl, coat chicken with marinade. COVER with plastic wrap and let sit at room temperature for 30 minutes.

2 Heat olive oil in a LARGE frying pan at MEDIUM-HIGH heat. Sear the chicken, skin side down, until golden.

3 Place lemon slices in a roasting pan. Lay the chicken pieces on top. Brush with the marinade. Season generously with salt and pepper.

Place in the oven and bake until done, approximately 15 minutes for breasts, 20 minutes for thighs, wings, and drumsticks.

Remove from oven and LET REST for 10 minutes BEFORE serving. Pour out drippings from the pan into a gravy boat for gravy.

Serve with rice, mashed potatoes, or couscous.

Honey Apple Pie With Orange Lattice Crust

Honey Apple Pie With Orange Lattice Crust
=========================================

Source: Bon Appétit | March 1998

User rating: 4 forks

Main ingredients: Honey, Cherry, Orange, Peach, Apricot, Apple

Cuisine: American

Type: Pie/Tart

Yield: Makes 8 servings

“Using orange juice instead of water in the crust enhances the fruit flavors in the filling. To prevent the dough from sticking, lightly flour the work surface and the dough, sprinkling with more flour as needed; also, roll just to the edges of the dough, not over them, rotating the dough often. “

Ingredients:

For crust:

2 cups all purpose flour
1/2 teaspoon sugar
1/2 teaspoon salt
3/4 cup (1 1/2 sticks) chilled unsalted butter, cut into 1/2-inch pieces
2 tablespoons chilled vegetable shortening, cut into 1/2-inch pieces
6 to 7 tablespoon chilled orange juice

For filling:

2 generous tablespoons coarsely chopped dried tart cherries
2 generous tablespoons finely chopped dried apricots
2 generous tablespoons finely chopped dried peaches
2 tablespoons orange juice
2-1/2 pounds Golden Delicious apples, peeled, cored, thinly sliced
3-1/2 tablespoons all purpose flour
1/2 teaspoon ground cinnamon
1/2 teaspoon ground cardamom
1/4 cup honey
1/4 cup (1/2 stick) unsalted butter, melted
1 tablespoon grated orange peel

Preparation :

Make crust:

Combine flour, sugar and salt in large bowl; add butter. Using fingertips, rub in butter until pieces range in size from rice grains to peas. Add shortening; rub in until pieces are size of
small peas. Sprinkle 5 tablespoons juice over, tossing gently with fork to blend. Continue adding enough juice 1 tablespoon at a time, tossing with a fork, to form moist clumps. Gather dough into ball; divide into 2 parts, 1 slightly larger than the other. Flatten dough onto disks. Wrap in plastic; chill 1 1/2 hours or up to 1 day.

Make filling: Mix cherries, apricots, peaches and orange juice in large bowl. Let stand 30 minutes.

Mix in apples, flour, cinnamon and cardamom; then mix in honey, butter and orange peel.

Position rack in bottom third of oven, and preheat to 425°F.

Roll out larger dough disk on lightly floured surface to 13-inch round. Transfer dough to 9-inch-diameter glass pie dish. Trim overhand to 1/2 inch.

Roll out second dough disk on lightly floured surface to 12-inch round. Using fluted pastry wheel or knife, cut dough into 1/2-inch-wide strips.

Spoon filling into bottom crust.

Arrange 6 pastry strips evenly atop filling. Arrange 6 more strips at right angles, forming lattice. Fold under ends of strips with overhanging dough.

Crimp crust edge decoratively.

Bake pie 10 minutes. Reduce oven temperature to 350°F. Bake until apples are tender and juices bubble thickly around edge, about 1 hour 10 minutes longer. Transfer pie to rack. Cool 1 hour.

New Years Apple Challah

New Year’s Apple-Cinnamon Challah
=================================
Dough ingredients:

1 cup warm water (110 degrees F)
1/2 cup sugar
1/2 cup oil or melted butter
2 eggs
2 teaspoons vanilla
2-1/2 teaspoons salt
1/2 teaspoon cinnamon
2 tablespoons dry yeast
5 to 6 cup flour

Apple filling:

3 cups coarsely chopped apples
1/2 cup sugar
1 tablespoon cinnamon
1 tablespoon lemon juice (skip if apples are tart)

Egg wash:

1 beaten egg
1 teaspoon sugar
Coarse sugar, for sprinkling, optional

1. In a large mixing bowl, combine the first seven dough ingredients,
in order listed. Stir in a cup or two of the flour, and then add yeast.

2. Add enough additional flour to equal about 5 cups, and stir/knead
into a smooth dough, adding additional flour if needed. Knead dough for 8-10 minutes. Shape into a ball, place in a greased bowl, cover, and let rise in a warm place until doubled, about 45-60 minutes.

3. Place apple filling ingredients in a medium bowl and toss to coat.
Set aside.

4. Punch down the risen dough, kneading to remove excess air bubbles.
On a lightly-floured surface, roll the dough into a large round, about 1/2-inch thick. Spread apple mixture over the dough.

5. Fold the edges of the dough over the apples and continue to
fold/roll the dough to make one big lump with the filling enclosed. Let rest 5 minutes.

6. Grease a 10-inch spring form pan. Place spring form pan on a large
cookie sheet (to catch any leaks during rising/baking).

7. Now, this part gets messy. Using a sharp knife (I use a serrated
one), cut off chunks of the dough and place them in the prepared pan.
You should end up with 15-20 chunks of dough (though a particular
number doesn’t matter). The apple pieces should be randomly dispersed
throughout the dough chunks. Sprinkle with any escaped apple pieces.

8. Combine the egg and sugar and then dab the egg wash over the top of the dough. Sprinkle with coarse sugar if desired. Cover gently with a piece of plastic wrap and place pan in a warm location to rise.

9. *When dough has almost doubled in size, pre-heat oven to 350 degrees and then place baking sheet/spring form in the middle of the oven (remove the piece of plastic wrap first, of course!!!) to bake for 45-55 minutes or until done.

POSTER’S NOTE: When I make this, usually the edges of the top get well-browned before the middle is cooked. So, after about 25-30
minutes, I cover the darker areas loosely with foil — sometimes
forming a large loose “ring” of foil (with no foil in the middle) to
lay on top.

10. When challah is done, remove from the oven and cool in the pan for 10 minutes. Turn out of pan onto a cooling rack and cover with a clean towel until completely cool.

Additional Poster’s Notes:

This recipe was passed to me from a friend, Cheryl O. I believe it is
originally from a Jewish cookbook. The instructions and photos are my
own. 🙂

Preparation Time:

1 hour (plus rising time) Cooking Time:

45-55 minutes or longer

SOFTA123’S NOTE: To make the challah truly Kosher, before baking take a piece of dough about the size of a golf ball, roll it into a ball and recite the following blessing over it:

Baruch ata Adonai, Eloheinu melech ha-olam, asher kideshanu be-mitzvosav ve-tzivanu lehafrish challah min ha-isah.

You are blessed, Lord our God, Sovereign of the world, Who made us holy with His commandments and commanded us to separate challah from the dough.

Then burn the ball (I let it bake alongside the challah) then throw it out. DO NOT EAT IT!!! This symbolizes the sacrifice given to the priests at the ancient Holy Temple in Jerusalem.

And for the grand finale….today’s honey cake recipe!

Pistachios in this recipe offer a nice change from walnuts.

Honey Cake
==========
Ingredients

3 cups sifted all-purpose flour
1/2 teaspoon salt
1 teaspoon cinnamon
1/8 teaspoon ground clove
1/2 teaspoon nutmeg
1 teaspoon baking soda
2 cups honey
1-1/2 cups orange juice
1/2 cup shelled white pistachio nuts
1/2 cup shelled walnuts
1/2 cup raisins
1/2 cup dried apricots cut in bite-size pieces
1 teaspoon unsalted margarine for greasing the baking pans
1/4 cup slivered almonds

Preparation

1. Preheat the oven to 350 degrees.

2. In a large bowl, mix all the dry ingredients together. Set aside.

3. In another bowl, mix the honey, orange juice, the nuts except the almonds and the dried fruits together.

4. Add the orange juice-honey mixture to the flour. Mix well with a wooden spoon.

5. Grease two 9-by-5-inch loaf pans with the margarine. Divide the batter evenly between the two pans.

6. Sprinkle the almonds on top of the batter.

7. Reduce the oven temperature to 325 degrees and bake for one hour and 45 minutes. Test to see if the cake is done by inserting a skewer in the center. If it comes out dry, the cake is done.

8. Cool the cakes on a rack. Loosen the sides before unmolding.

YIELD : 14 to 16 servings

Originally published with FOOD; HOPE AND HONEY By COLETTE ROSSANT, September 21, 1986

GLOSSARY

gematria – Gematria or gimatria (Hebrew: גימטריה‎, gēmaṭriyā) is a system of assigning numerical value to a word or phrase, in the belief that words or phrases with identical numerical values bear some relation to each other, or bear some relation to the number itself as it may apply to a person’s age, the calendar year, or the like. A good example of Gematria is the Hebrew word Chai (“life”), which is composed of two letters which add up to 18. This has made 18 a “lucky number” among Jews, and gifts in multiples of 18 are very common among Jews.

Holy of Holies – The Holy of Holies, as its name implies, was the most sacred part of the entire ancient Holy Temple in Jerusalem. Entry was forbidden except on Yom Kippur when the High Priest entered the Inner Sanctuary. In Hebrew it is called Kodesh HaKodashim.

priestly blessing – The priest(s) recite(s) aloud the fifteen words of the priestly blessing. In Hebrew it is called Birkat Kohanim. The Kohanim recite the blessings word-by-word as the Cantor recites them. The Birkat Kohanim are only said during Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur in the Diaspora.

‘May G d bless you and guard you.
‘May G d shine His countenance upon you and be gracious to you.
‘May G d turn His countenance toward you and grant you peace.'” (Numbers 6:24-26)

Last year, Paul and I accompanied Rhona, Jeremy and Marc to their synagogue for Rosh Hashanah services. At Congregation Ahavath Israel we were treated to the most poignant recitation and chanting of the Birkat Kohanim that I have ever been to. There an elderly father and his middle-age son, both with wonderful voices, chanted the Birkat Kohanim with such feeling that I was totally in awe. It is one of the things I will miss most by not going to Kingston to celebrate with Rhona, Jeremy and Marc this year. I wish that Scott, Lisa, Rachael and Joshua could experience Rosh Hashanah in Kingston with us.

kedusha – The Kedusha (Hebrew: קדושה‎) is traditionally the third section of all Amidah prayer recitations. The silent Amidah it is a short prayer, but in the repetition, which requires a minyan (10 men over the age of 13, although in Conservative and Reform congregations women over the age of 13 are also counted), it is considerably lengthier. The liturgy varies among different communities and during different services, but they all hold in common three lines from the Bible (though translations vary): Kadosh Kadosh Kadosh Adonai Tz’vaot M’lo Khol Ha’aretz K’vodo (“Holy, Holy, Holy, The Lord of Hosts, The entire world is filled with His Glory”), Baruch K’vod Adonai Mim’komo (“Blessed is the Glory of the Lord in Its Place”), and Yimloch Adonai L’Olam, Elohayich Tziyon L’dor Vador Hall’luyah (“The Lord shall reign forever, Your G-d, O Zion, from generation to generation, Hallelujah”)

The Kedusha is enhanced during the morning and Musaf services of Shabbat and Festivals and between the biblical verses there are more praises. The Musaf service of Shabbat and Festivals as well as all of the Kedushas of Yom Kippur additionally contain the opening line of the Shema prayer.

patriarchs – The three patriarchs of the Jewish people are Abraham, Isaac and Jacob.

prayers – Jewish Law instructs Jews to pray three times a day, once in the morning, once in the afternoon and once in the evening. These prayers are called Shacharit (morning), Mincha (afternoon) and Maariv (evening).

Shabbat meals – On Shabbat (the Jewish Sabbath), Jews are required to eat three meals. The first one occurs on Friday night and is a lavish dinner. The second required meal is Saturday afternoon, after everyone goes to the synagogue to prey, and it also is a lavish meal. The third meal is Saturday evening and it is a light meal.

shofar – For an in depth description of the shofar (ram’s horn), please see my post of September 24, 2011. There are three sounds that the shofar makes tekiah, shevarim and teruah. Tekiah is a single long burst of the shofar, shevarim are three medium bursts and teruah is at least nine short bursts.

The Shalosh Ragalim – Jewish festivals Pesach (Passover also known as The Festival of Freedom) celebrates freedom, Sukkot (The Festival of Booths) celebrates Jewish unity, and Shavuot (The Festival of Weeks) celebrates the giving and receiving of the Torah and the 10 Commandments.

aliyot – Honors given at Torah services. There can be no more than seven honors given at one service. These honors include opening and closing the Ark, undressing and dressing the Torah, saying the Blessings over the Torah, carrying the Torah and reading the Torah.

Tishrei – Tishrei (pronounced Tish-ray) is the Hebrew month that corresponds to the Gregorian calendar months of September-October. It is the month in which the Jewish holidays of Rosh Hashanah, Yom Kippur and Sukkot are celebrated.

Fast of Gedalia – On the third day of Tishrei we mourn the assassination of Gedaliah ben Achikam, governor of the first Jewish commonwealth in the Holy Land. When Gedaliah was assinated, Jewish autonomy came to an end. In his honor and memory Jews fast on this day.

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ROSH HASHANA COUNTDOWN – DAY 5

Posted on September 24, 2011. Filed under: Cakes, Desserts, Honey, Jewish, Jewish Music, Jewish Prayers & Blessings, Kosher Recipe, Paerve, Parve, Recipes, Rosh Hashannah Recipes, Traditions | Tags: , , , , , , , , , |


The sound of the Shofar is music to our ears!

I am very proud to say that both my step-son-in-law and my step-grandson blow shofar and they join in with other members of their temple to sound it on Rosh Hashanah. My step-grandson, Marc, did an awesome job last year doing the bulk of the blowing. I am so proud of him. And I’m proud of my step-son-in-law, Jeremy, for instilling the traditions and the love of Judaism in Marc. I wish you could all hear Marc and Jeremy play. So I am dedicating this post to them.

To me, the sound of the shofar is sad yet somehow invigorating. I get choked up whenever I hear the shofar. It’s like a connection to all who came before me. I think I also get choked up because I know I should repent for what failings I have or had during the past years and I want to change but don’t know if I can, and when I was young, I would be standing with my younger sister between my parents to hear the sounding of the shofar and it was a moment of family togetherness. Now I stand next to my husband and feel his love for Judaism and me. Also I know that in a short while we will be sharing a delicious meal prepared by my step-daughter, Rhona. She’s a fantastic cook and a maven in the kitchen! Her challah cannot be beat!

Sadly, this year, we will not be joining Rhona nor my Mother and Aunt Hushie and Uncle Hockey nor our good friends Ellen, Gil and Sammy. Instead, we will join my step-son, Scott and my step-daughter-in-law, Lisa, and my step-grandchildren, Rachael and Josh. They don’t often get to celebrate Rosh Hashanah, so it is important for us to spend wonderful quality time with them. I look forward to seeing if Scott is going to make the matzah balls and if so, will they be from scratch or from a mix? It will be nice to be with them this year, especially because of Lisa’s return from the hospital and Paul’s return from the hospital too!

“The Bible calls the Rosh Hashanah, the day of the sounding of the Rams Horn.The Shofer is blown on all festivals and folkways. However legend has it that this was the day of which Adam was created out of clay. It was also the birthday of Abraham and Isaac and Jacob. It was the day on which Joseph was released from prison in Egypt, and it was the day Moses appeared before Pharaoh demanding that the Egyptian king let our people go. The shofer is blown every day in the month of Elul except on the Sabbath and provides the most impressive moment of the morning service. The Shofer is usually made from a Rams horn although it may also be made from the one of any of any kosher animal except the cattle or an ox. The horn is boiled in water until it gets soft.

The inside is then hollowed out and the horn is flattened slightly. The mouthpiece is then carefully shaped and the horn is put aside to harden.. Sometimes the shofer is made very long and very curved.
In biblical times the shofer was used to herald great moments. It proclaimed the ascent of a king upon the throne, it announced the Jubilee every 50th year and the beginning of the Shabbat and festivals. The shofar is also associated with the jubilee year in which, every fifty years, Jewish law provided for the release of all slaves, land, and debts. The sound of the shofar on Rosh Hashanah announced the jubilee year, and the sound of the shofar on Yom Kippur proclaimed the actual release of financial encumbrances.
In wartime it signaled the army.” http://mysite.verizon.net/~vze32qgw/Rosh_Hashana.htm

“The shofar was blown in the times of Joshua to help him capture Jericho. As they surrounded the walls, the shofar was blown and the Jews were able to capture the city. The shofar was commonly taken out to war so the troops would know when a battle would begin. The person who would blow the shofar would call out to the troops from atop a hill. All of the troops were able to hear the call of the shofar from their position because of its distinct sound.” http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shofar

In post-Biblical times, the shofar was enhanced in its religious use because of the ban on playing musical instruments as a sign of mourning for the destruction of the temple. (It is noted that a full orchestra played in the temple.) The shofar continues to announce the New Year and the new moon, to introduce Shabbat, to carry out the commandment to sound it on Rosh Hashanah, and to mark the end of the day of fasting on Yom Kippur once the services have completed in the evening. The secular uses have been discarded (although the shofar was sounded to commemorate the reunification of Jerusalem in 1967) [2]

The shofar is primarily associated with Rosh Hashanah. Indeed, Rosh Hashanah is called “Yom T’ruah” (or “Yom Teruah”) (the day of the shofar blast). In the Mishnah, (book of early rabbinic laws derived from the Torah), a discussion centers on the centrality of the shofar in the time before the destruction of the second temple (70 AD). Indeed, the shofar was the center of the ceremony, with two silver trumpets playing a lesser role. On other solemn holidays, fasts, and new moon celebrations, two silver trumpets were featured, with one shofar playing a lesser role. The expert who blows (or “blasts” or “sounds”) the shofar is termed the Tokea (lit. “Blaster”) or Ba’al T’qiah (lit. “Master of the Blast”). Being a Ba’al T’qiah (shofar sounder) is an honor. Every male Jew is eligible for this sacred office, providing he is acceptable to the congregation. “The one who blows the shofar on Rosh Hashanah . . . should likewise be learned in the Torah and shall be God-fearing; the best man available.” If a potential choice will cause dissension, he should withdraw his candidacy, even if the improper person will be chosen. See Shulkhan Arukh 3:72. If a blind blower was dismissed, but the community did not find a blower as proficient, he should be appointed as community blower.

According to the Talmud, a shofar may be made from the horn of any animal from the Bovidae family except that of a cow or calf (Rosh Hashanah, 26a), although a ram is preferable. (Mishnah Berurah 586:1). Bovidae horns are made of keratin (the same material as human toenails and fingernails). An antler, on the other hand, is not a horn but solid bone. Antlers cannot be used as a shofar because they cannot be hollowed out.

In practice two species are generally used: the Ashkenazi and Sefardi shofar is made from the horn of a domestic ram, while a Yemeni shofar is made from the horn of a kudu. A Moroccan Shofar is a flat Shofar with no curves besides the main curve; years ago, when the Moroccan Jews were not allowed to practice Judaism, it was easy to hide it in their clothes because of its flat shape.

A crack or hole in the shofar affecting the sound renders it unfit for ceremonial use. A shofar may not be painted in colors, but it may be carved with artistic designs (Shulkhan Arukh, Orach Chayim, 586, 17). Shofars (especially the Sephardi shofars) are sometimes plated with silver across part of their length for display purposes, although this invalidates them for use in religious practices.

The horn is flattened and shaped by the application of heat, which softens it. A hole is made from the tip of the horn to the natural hollow inside. It is played much like a European brass instrument, with the player blowing through the hole, causing the air column inside to vibrate. Sephardi shofars usually have a carved mouthpiece resembling that of a European trumpet or French horn, but smaller. Ashkenazi shofars do not.

Because the hollow of the shofar is irregular in shape, the harmonics obtained when playing the instrument can vary: rather than a pure perfect fifth, intervals as narrow as a fourth, or as wide as a sixth may be produced.

In modern times, the shofar is used mainly on Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur. It is blown in synagogues to mark the end of the fast at Yom Kippur, and blown at four particular occasions in the prayers on Rosh Hashanah. Because of its inherent ties to the Days of Repentance and the inspiration that comes along with hearing its piercing blasts, the shofar is also blown after morning services for the entire month of Elul, the last month of the Jewish civil year and the sixth of the Jewish ecclesiastical year. It is not blown on the last day of month, however, to mark the difference between the voluntary blasts of the month and the mandatory blasts of the holiday. Shofar blasts are also used during penitential rituals such as Yom Kippur Katan and optional prayer services called during times of communal distress. The exact modes of sounding can vary from location to location.

In an effort to improve the skills of shofar blowers, an International Day of Shofar Study is observed on Rosh Chodesh Elul, the start of the month preceding Rosh Hashanah.

In times of National Liberation such as during the Ottoman and the British rule of Jerusalem, Jews were not allowed to sound the shofar at the Western Wall. After the Six Day War, Rabbi Shlomo Goren famously approached the Wall and sounded the shofar. “
Footnote:

2. Judith Kaplan Eisenstein, Heritage of Music, New York: UAHC, 1972, pp. 44–45.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shofar

It’s way past my bedtime, it’s 2:39 a.m. according to my computer’s clock. So let me leave you with this honey cake recipe.

Yet Another Delicious Honey Cake Recipe!

Honey Cake W/Fruit Ii (P, Tnt)
==============================
Source: Great Aunt Rose Markowitz

Serves: 20

Fruit Mixture:

1/2 pound prunes, pitted
1 small can pineapple chunks
1/2 pound golden raisins
1 small can peaches

Cake:

1 cup shortening
2 cups sugar
8 eggs
1 pound honey
4 cups flour
2 teaspoons baking powder
1 teaspoon baking soda
1 teaspoon allspice
1 teaspoon nutmeg
1 teaspoon ground cloves
1 tablespoon cinnamon
1 tablespoon ground ginger
1 tablespoon vanilla extract
1/4 cup sweet red wine
1 cup strong black coffee, cooled
1 cup pecans, chopped (optional)
1 jar maraschino cherries, drained
Additional whole pecans for top, optional

Make Fruit Mixture:

In work bowl of food processor, grind fruit and set aside. This will make more fruit mixture than you will need for one cake so you can freeze the remainder.

Make Cake:

Grease bottom and sides of a 10-1/2″x15-1/2″ baking pan (large roasting pan). Line bottom with waxed or baking paper. If using
waxed paper, grease waxed paper also.

Preheat oven to 350°F.

In the large bowl of a mixer, cream shortening well, then add sugar and continue beating. Add eggs, one at a time, beating very well after each addition. Add honey, 3 heaping soup spoons full of ground fruit (remainder may be frozen for future use) and continue beating after each addition.

Sift flour, baking powder, and soda together, then add spices and
ground nuts. Combine wine and coffee. Alternate adding flour mixture
and coffee mixture to sugar/shortening mixture. Pour batter into baking pan.

Place cherries and nuts on top and bake for 1 to 1-1/2 hours. Do not
open oven door until the cake has been in the oven for an hour, then
test for doneness. Cake will be done when it begins to move away from
the sides of the pan or a cake tester inserted into the middle comes
out clean. Remove cake from oven and turn it out onto a cooling rack,
remove the waxed or baking paper, turn again and cool.

Sue Epstein’s Notes: Great Aunt Rose Markowitz was the matriarch of the Epstein family. A family simcha wasn’t a simcha without one of her honey cakes… and for good reason… it’s wonderful! When Aunt Rose gave me this recipe she said she lines the pan with waxed paper. Aunt Esther insisted that Aunt Rose lined it with aluminum foil! Aunt Esther also sprinkled cloves over the top of the cake before baking and used exactly 30 whole pecans to decorate it. Today, I line the pan with baking paper and I miss their friendly arguments. This cake is as good today as it was more than 50+ years ago when Aunt Rose first started making it.

Posted by Sue Epstein

Servings: 20

SOFTA123’S NOTE: Please note that the photo of the coffee cake is a generic photo that I found on the Internet. It is not a photo of this recipe. Also I’d like to thank Sue Epstein for sharing this recipe with us and may her Aunt Rose rest in peace.

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ROSH HASHANAH COUNTDOWN – DAY 7

Posted on September 22, 2011. Filed under: Apples, Cakes, Chocolate, Cookies, Desserts, Ethnic Recipe, Family, Honey, Hope, Jewish, Jewish Prayers & Blessings, Kosher Recipe, Meat, Menu, Oranges, Paerve, Parve, Recipes, Rosh Hashannah Recipes, Side Dish, Traditions, Vegetables | Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , |


Sorry I didn’t have time to write a commentary today…lucky you! I just had time to put together this continuation of yesterday’s post as my husband has been in the hospital and was just released today. So here are the recipes I will be using this year for brisket, green beans, potato kugel, a sweet tzimmes and cocoa honey cake. Also included here are links for rugelach and honey-almond cookies recipes. At the end you will find the blessings for the holiday meals.

This year I want to try a different recipe for brisket. This is the one I have chosen. I found it at http://www.bonappetit.com.

A TRUE ROYAL FEAST--SPICED BRISKET WITH LEEKS AND DRIED APRICOTS

Spiced Brisket With Leeks And Dried Apricots
============================================
You’ll need to start marinating the meat at least a day ahead. It can be cooked up to two days before serving.

Makes 8 servings

Recipe by Rabbi Miriyam Glazer and Phyllis Glazer
Photograph by Maren Caruso
April 2006
Http://www.bonappetit.com

Ingredients:

2-1/2 tablespoons honey
2 tablespoons extra-virgin olive oil
2 teaspoons coarse kosher salt
1 teaspoon ground coriander
1 teaspoon ground cumin
1 teaspoon ground black pepper
1 teaspoon ground cinnamon
1/4 tablespoon ground nutmeg
1 4 1/2- to 5 1/2 pound flat-cut (first-cut) brisket, well-trimmed
2 medium leeks (white and pale green parts only), sliced
1 medium onion, chopped
24 whole dried apricots, divided
10 garlic cloves, peeled
6 sprigs fresh thyme
2 bay leaves
2 cups dry red wine
1 tablespoon matzo cake meal
Chopped fresh cilantro

Preparation:

Stir first 8 ingredients in small bowl.

Arrange brisket in large roasting pan; spread spice mixture evenly over both sides. Cover and refrigerate overnight.

Preheat broiler. Uncover brisket. Broil until brown, about 5 minutes
per side.

Turn brisket fat side up in pan. Set oven temperature to 325°F.
Sprinkle leeks, onion, 12 apricots, garlic, thyme, and bay leaves
around brisket. Pour wine over. Cover pan with heavy-duty foil and bake brisket until tender, about 2 1/2 hours.

Uncover; cool 1 1/2 hours. Transfer brisket to work surface. Pour
juices into large measuring cup. Spoon off fat, reserving 1 tablespoon.

Thinly slice brisket across grain on slight diagonal; overlap slices in 15x10x2-inch glass baking dish. Spoon 1 cup degreased pan juices over brisket. Stir reserved 1 tablespoon fat and matzo cake meal in medium saucepan over medium heat 3 minutes. Add remaining degreased pan juices and remaining 12 apricots. Simmer until sauce thickens and boils, stirring occasionally, about 3 minutes. Season to taste with salt and pepper.

DO AHEAD: Can be made 2 days ahead.

Cover brisket and sauce separately and chill.

Rewarm covered brisket in 350°F oven 30 minutes or 45 minutes if
chilled.

Rewarm sauce over low heat.

Sprinkle brisket with cilantro and serve with sauce.

This next recipe is for my tried and true potato kugel recipe that was the way my Grandmother made it, with a few modernized methods! I can’t have enough of potato kugel or potato latkes. Either is fine with me, although if I had to choose, I’d choose the latkes. ~Marilyn aka Softa123

I CAN NEVER GET ENOUGH POTATO KUGEL. I COULD EAT THE WHOLE THING!

Softa123’s Grandmother’s Potato Kugel and Latkes
========================================
1 large Onion
4 large Potatoes
1 Egg
1 tablespoon Matzah Meal (or flour)
1 tablespoon Kosher Salt
1 drop of Oil
Pepper to taste

CATEGORIES: Side Dish, Passover, Yom Tov, Parties

Peel and quarter onion. Put into food processor. (Yes, I updated this ecipe just a bit!!) Peel and quarter potatoes. Process the potatoes with the onion with your steel blade till consistency of puree.

Continue till all potatoes are processed. Put potato-onion mixture into a strainer to drain off as much water as you can from it. Then, put the potato-onion mixture into a large bowl.

Beat the egg and add it to the potato-onion mixture. Also add 1
tablespoon of oil, and 1 HEAPING tablespoon Matzah Meal(or flour, if
not for Passover!)[Use a regular tablespoon, not a measuring tablespoon to measure the matzah meal.] Add Kosher Salt and pepper to taste. Mix all together. Pour into greased 9×13 inch pan and bake at 400 degrees for at least 1 hour. I like to bake longer because I like it really crusty!!

TO MAKE LATKES:

Follow directions above, but instead of putting into a pan and baking, heat 1/2 inch oil in a heavy frying pan and drop really
full large spoonfuls of batter into the oil and fry on one side until golden then turn over and fry on the other.

Line a plate with toweling or line a counter with a couple thicknesses of brown paper bags to drain the fried latkes on. Repeat till all of the batter is used.

I use vegetable oil or peanut oil to fry latkes in.

When making latkes you don’t need to add the extra drop of oil to
batter, but you do need it when making kugel.

Triple recipe for 12-18 people, small pieces.

I have never made a sweet tzimmes so I had to do some research. This recipe for a sweet tzimmes sounded interesting to me. I’m going to try it, so let’s hope it turns out for all of us!

This is about the right size dice for this tzimmes recipe.

Tzimmes
=======
By Leslie in Texas on April 10, 2003

Prep Time: 30 minsTotal Time: 1 hrs 15 mins

Servings: 6-8

“This is from the Houston Chronical’s food section entitled ” Feast at a Jewish Table”. The recipe was reprinted from The Hadassah Jewish Holiday Cookbook, a Compilation of fund raising cookbooks from Hadassah women around the country and Israel.” ~Leslie in Texas

Ingredients

2 medium carrots, coarsely diced
1 medium sweet potatoes or 1 medium yams, coarsely diced
1 large baking apples, seeded and coarsely diced
1/2 cup granulated sugar
1/2 cup packed light brown sugar
1/2 cup unsalted margarine, melted
1/2 cup matzo meal
1/2 cup pitted prunes (optional) or 1/2 cup raisins (optional)
2 tablespoons sweet wine or 2 tablespoons orange juice
1/2 teaspoon salt
1/2 teaspoon ground cinnamon

Directions

Preheat oven to 375°. Grease an 11×7-inch baking pan. By hand or in
food processor in two batches, chop and mix all ingredients. Put in
prepared pan and bake for 45 minutes or until browned and bubbly.

I wanted to try something different in the way of green beans this holiday, so, again I searched and searched and searched the Internet, finally I think I struck gold with this recipe for Paula Dean’s Fancy Green Beans.

PAUL DEEN'S FANCY GREEN BEANS

Fancy Green Beans

Recipe courtesy Paula Deen

Prep Time: 15 min
Inactive Prep Time: Cook Time: 15 min
Level: Easy
Serves: 6 to 8 servings

Ingredients

• 2 tablespoons teriyaki sauce
• 1 tablespoon honey
• 1 tablespoon butter (Softa123’s Note: Use non-dairy margarine)
• 1 tablespoon fresh lemon juice
• 1 1/2 pounds fresh green beans
• 2 slices bacon (Softa123’s Note: Omit bacon or substitute beef frye.)
• 1/2 cup red bell pepper strips
• 1/2 cup thin onion wedges
• 1/2 cup whole cashews

Directions

In a small bowl, stir together the teriyaki sauce, honey, and butter.

Fill a bowl with cold water and ice cubes.

Bring a large pot of water to a boil and add the lemon juice. Drop in the beans and cook for 4 to 5 minutes, or until beans are bright green. Drain the beans in a colander and then plunge them into the iced water. Drain again and set aside.

In a skillet, cook the bacon until very crispy, crumble and set aside. Sauté the bell pepper and onion in the hot bacon fat for 2 minutes. Add the beans, cashews, and bacon to the skillet. Add the teriyaki-honey sauce and toss gently.

I am dying to try this next recipe. I guess I’m in the mood for changes this year, after all, as a female, I’m entitled to change things around!

COCOA HONEY CAKE


COCOA HONEY CAKE RECIPE

=======================
Ingredients:

2/3 cup honey
2 eggs, lightly beaten
1 tablespoon sliced almonds
1-1/2 cups flour, less 1 tablespoon
1/4 cup vegetable oil
1/2 teaspoon baking soda
1 teaspoon baking powder
1/2 cup sugar
1/2 teaspoon ground ginger
1/2 teaspoon ground cinnamon
3 tbsps. unsweetened cocoa powder
1/4 cup apple juice (or orange juice, or water)
1 pinch nutmeg (hefty pinch)

Directions:

Step #1 Preheat oven to 325 degrees F, & lightly grease 8 X 4 loaf pan.

Step #2 Line the bottom of the pan with greased parchment paper.

Step #3 Whisk flour with cocoa powder, cinnamon, baking soda, baking powder, ginger, & nutmeg.

Step #4 Place beaten eggs in another bowl, & add sugar & honey, beating until smooth & light in color.

Step #5 Gradually beat in oil until mixed.

Step #6 Stir the egg mixture into the flour mixture alternating with juice (or water).

Step #7 Pour the batter into the prepared pan, & top this with sliced almonds.

Step #8 Bake 50 mins, or until pick comes out clean after inserting in center of the cake.

Step #9 Cool 15 mins, then turn out onto rack & peel off paper.

Step #10 Wrap in plastic when completely cool, then in foil wrap.

Enjoy the Cocoa Honey Cake recipe!

Another new recipe to add to my overflowing dbase is this brownie recipe. Paul and I absolutely love dark chocolate, so this is a must try in my house!

SUPER QUICK DARK CHOCOLATE BROWNIES

SUPER QUICK DARK CHOCOLATE BROWNIES
===================================
September 22nd 2011
Contributed by: joyofkosher.com

These better-for-you brownies are rich in chocolate, but balanced in sweetness by adding almonds, which also add a little crunch.

Times

Prep time: 10
Cook time: 25
Ready time: 35 min

Ingredients

1 cup granulated sugar
1/3 cup dark chocolate cocoa powder
1/4 cup whole wheat flour
1/4 cup all purpose flour
1/2 teaspoon baking powder
1/4 teaspoon salt
2 eggs, lightly beaten
1/2 cup canola oil
1 teaspoon vanilla extract
1/4 cup dark chocolate chips
1/3 cup chopped almonds

Directions

Preheat oven to 350 °F (180 °C).

In large bowl, combine sugar, cocoa powder, flours, baking powder and salt.

In separate medium bowl, combine eggs, canola oil and vanilla. Combine egg mixture into flour mixture, mixing well. Stir in chocolate chips and almonds.

Spread batter in lightly greased 8- x 8-inch (20 x 20-cm) baking pan.

Bake for 20 to 25 minutes or until toothpick inserted in center comes out clean. Cool in pan on wire rack before slicing.

Source: Canola Info

Nutritients

Nutritional Information Quick Dark Chocolate Brownies Servings Per
Recipe: 16

Amount Per Serving Calories: 130 Total Fat: 6g Cholesterol: 15mg
Sodium: 55mg Total Carbs: 19g Dietary Fiber: 1g Protein: 2g

You can find the recipes for Rugelach and Honey-Almond Cookies at A Tzimmes

THE BLESSINGS FOR ROSH HASHANAH

Courtesy & Kindness of Chabad.Org

YOM TOV CANDLES - MAY THEY BURN BRIGHTLY FOR YOU!

Before the meal and its accompanying blessings, the woman of the house lights the Yom Tov Candles and recites the following blessing:

Blessing for Rosh Hashanah

Blessed are You, L-rd, our G-d, King of the universe, who has sanctified us with His commandments and has commanded us to light the candle of the Day of Remembrance.

Ba-ruch A-tah Ado-nai E-lo-hei-nu Me-lech Ha-olam Asher Ki-deshanu Be-mitzvo-tav Ve-tzvi-vanu Le-hadlik Ner Shel Yom Hazikaron.

Blessing For Rosh Hashanah when it coincides with Shabbat

Blessed are You, L-rd, our G-d, King of the universe, who has sanctified us with His commandments and has commanded us to light the candle of Shabbat and of the Day of Remembrance.

Ba-ruch A-tah Ado-nai E-lo-hei-nu Me-lech Ha-olam Asher Ki-deshanu Be-mitzvo-tav Ve-tzvi-vanu Le-hadlik Ner Shel Shabbat veShel Yom Hazikaron.

Shehechiyanu Blessing recited on the First Night of Rosh Hashanah after the main Blessing (above) is said

Blessed are You, Lord our G-d, King of the universe, who has granted us life, sustained us, and enabled us to reach this occasion.

Ba-ruch A-tah Ado-nai E-lo-hei-nu Me-lech Ha-olam She-heche-ya-nu Ve-ki-yi-ma-nu Ve-higi-a-nu Liz-man Ha-zeh

Kiddush

Before starting the Rosh Hashanah meal, we sanctify the holiday by reciting the kiddush over a cup of wine or grape juice.

When Rosh Hashanah occurs on Shabbat, say all the pre-Shabbat Kiddush prayers (such as Shalom Aleichem and Aishet Chayil) in an undertone before starting Kiddush.

On the second night of Rosh Hashanah, it is customary to place a new fruit [not yet eaten this season] before the one who makes Kiddush; he is to glance at it while reciting the Shehecheyanu (“Who has granted us life…”) blessing , bearing in mind that it applies to the new fruit as well.

Stand while reciting the Kiddush. Those listening to the Kiddush should respond “Amen” as indicated.

Take the cup of wine in the right hand and glance at the festival candles. The cup should be held at least three handbreadths (approximately 9 in.) above the table throughout the Kiddush.

On Shabbat, begin here.

The sixth day. And the heavens and the earth and all their hosts were completed. And G‑d finished by the Seventh Day His work which He had done, and He rested on the Seventh Day from all His work which He had done. And G‑d blessed the Seventh Day and made it holy, for on it He rested from all His work which G‑d created to function.1

On weeknights, begin here.

Glance at the wine and say:

Attention, Gentlemen!

Blessed are You, L-rd our G‑d, King of the universe, who creates the fruit of the vine. [Amen]

On Shabbat, add the words in parentheses.

Blessed are You, L-rd our G‑d, King of the universe, who has chosen us from among all nations, raised us above all tongues, and made us holy through His commandments. And You, L-rd our G‑d, have given us in love (this Shabbat day and) this Day of Remembrance, the festival of holy assembly,2 a day for (the remembrance of) sounding the shofar, (in love,) a holy assembly, commemorating the Exodus from Egypt. For You have chosen us and sanctified us from among all the nations, and Your word, our King, is true and enduring forever. Blessed are You L-rd, King over all the earth, who sanctifies (the Shabbat and) Israel and the Day of Remembrance. [Amen]

When Rosh Hashanah occurs on Saturday night, add the following:

Blessed are You, L-rd our G‑d, King of the universe, who created the lights of fire. [Amen]

Glance at the festival lights, then continue:

Blessed are You, L-rd our G‑d, King of the universe, who makes a distinction between sacred and profane, between light and darkness, between Israel and the nations, between the Seventh Day and the six work days; between the holiness of the Shabbat and the holiness of the Festival You have made a distinction, and have sanctified the Seventh Day above the six work days. You have set apart and made holy Your people Israel with Your holiness. Blessed are You L-rd, who makes a distinction between holy and holy. [Amen]

Blessed are You, L-rd our G‑d, King of the universe, who has granted us life, sustained us and enabled us to reach this occasion. [Amen]

Pour some wine from the cup to be distributed to those listening, and drink at least 2 ounces of the remaining wine while seated.

FOOTNOTES
1. Genesis 1:31; 2:1-3.
2. V. Ramban, Leviticus 23:2; Sforno, loc. cit. 23:2-3.
On the second night of Rosh Hashanah, it is customary to place a new fruit [not yet eaten this season] before the one who makes Kiddush; he is to glance at it while reciting the Shehecheyanu (“Who has granted us life…”) blessing , bearing in mind that it applies to the new fruit as well.

New Fruit

APPLES IN HONEY - HAVE A SWEET YEAR!

On the second night of Rosh Hashanah, a “new fruit,” i.e., a seasonal fruit which we have not yet tasted since its season began, should be present on the table when the holiday candles are kindled and during the kiddush. While reciting the Shehecheyanu blessing after candle-lighting and after the kiddush, one should have the new fruit in mind.

This fruit is eaten following the kiddush, before washing for bread. Before partaking of the fruit we say the following blessing:

Ba-ruch a-tah Ado-nai E-lo-hei-nu me-lech ha-olam bore pri ha-etz.

Blessed are You, L-rd our G d, King of the universe, who creates the fruit of the tree.

Challah in Honey

Immediately following the kiddush (and on the second night, the eating of the new fruit), we perform the ritual washing for bread. When everyone has returned to the table, we raise the two challah loaves and recite the Hamotzie blessing:

Ba-ruch atah A-do-nay, E-lo-hei-nu Melech Ha-Olam, hamotzie le-chem min ha-are-tz.

[Blessed are You, L-rd, our G d, King of the universe, who brings forth bread from the earth.]

Cut the challah, dip it in honey (some also dip it in salt), and have a bite. Pass around pieces and make sure everyone does the same.

Symbolic Foods

POMEGRANITES - MAY YOUR BLESSINGS BE MANY!

On the first night of Rosh Hashanah, after eating the challah with honey, it is customary to eat several foods which symbolize the type of year we wish to have:

We dip a piece of sweet apple into honey. Before eating it we say:

Ba-ruch a-tah Ado-nai E-lo-hei-nu me-lech ha-olam bore pri ha-etz.

Blessed are You, L-rd our G d, King of the universe, who creates the fruit of the tree.

Ye-hi ratzon she-ti-cha-desh alei-nu shanah tovah u-m’tu-kah.

May it be Your will to renew for us a good and sweet year.

A pomegranate is eaten, symbolizing our wish to have a year full of mitzvoth and good deeds as a pomegranate is filled with luscious seeds.

FOOTNOTES
1.If it is Shabbat, the Shalom Aleichem and Aishet Chayil hymns are recited before kiddush in an undertone.
2.Halachically, the two days of Rosh Hashanah are considered as “one long day.” This idea led some halachic authorities to doubt whether the Shehecheyanu blessing, which is normally recited at the onset of a holiday day, should be recited during the candle-lighting and kiddush of the second day of Rosh Hashanah.
To dispel any doubt as to the validity of this blessing, we also have in mind the new fruit, whose consumption also requires the recitation of the Shehecheyanu blessing.

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